Did you know, in 1990 the month of November was officially declared Native American Heritage Month?
In recognition of this important declaration, we encourage District 196 families to explore the rich history of Indigenous peoples around the United States and in Minnesota. We have compiled resources to showcase and celebrate the contributions of indigenous people within American society and history. And we hope this will further our community's knowledge and exposure to Indigenous lives and perspectives.
If you have any questions, please feel free to contact your American Indian Education Cultural Family Advocate or visit our American Indian Education webpage.
- There are currently 574 self-governing/sovereign indigenous nations within the United States.
- In 2020, there were approximately 9.7 million indigenous people living in the U.S.
- District 196 currently has more than 500 American Indian students who represent over 50 different indigenous nations.
- There are four Dakota reservations and seven Ojibwe reservations in Mni Sota
- Mni Sota translates to "Land Where Water Reflect the Clouds" in the Dakota language.
- The Dakota people are indigenous to Mni Sota and the Ojibwe migrated from the east coast to the "Land Where Food Grows on Water."
- Lacrosse is a sport invented by the Ojibwe and it is called "The Creator's Game"
- The Lieutenant Governor of Minnesota, Peggy Flanagan, is an enrolled citizen of the White Earth Nation.
- Deb Haaland (Laguna Pueblo) and Sharice Davids (HoChunk Nation) are the first Native American women to serve in the United States Congress.
- The 1972 Indian Education Act was the landmark legislation establishing a comprehensive approach to meeting the unique needs of American Indian and Alaska Native students.
- Shakopee Mdewakanton Sioux Community: Native American Heritage Month Educator Series
- Native American Heritage Month (Federal website) - this site has various webinar opportunities for educators.
- PBS: Native American Heritage Month Content
- DOI Native American Heritage Month 2021 Event - "Gifts of Our Ancestors: Celebrating Indigenous Knowledge and Cultures"
- Map of Tribal Nations in the US & in Alaska
- National Indian Education Association: Virtual Resources for Educators
- National Indian Education Association: Recommended K-12 Reading List
BOOKS ABOUT THANKSGIVING AND GRATITUDE WRITTEN BY NATIVE AMERICAN AUTHORS:
Books available to be checked out from our Indian Education Lending Library Collection
- We Are Grateful: Otsaliheliga by Tracy Sorell
- Giving Thanks by Chief Jake Swamp
- Squanto's Journey by Joseph Bruchac
- ThankU: Poems of Gratitude by various authors
- Four Seasons of Corn: A Winnebago Tradition by Sally M. Hunter
- 1621: A New Look at Thanksgiving
“Each November educators across the country teach their students about the First Thanksgiving, a quintessentially American holiday. They try to give students an accurate picture of what happened in Plymouth in 1621 and explain how that event fits into American history. Unfortunately, many teaching materials give an incomplete, if not inaccurate, portrayal of the first Thanksgiving, particularly of the event’s Native American participants....It is our hope that this information will encourage you to teach about Thanksgiving in a new way—one that recognizes the country’s original people and gives real meaning to November as Native American Heritage Month."
- A Racial Justice Guide to Thanksgiving: for Educators & Families
- Decolonizing Thanksgiving: A Toolkit for Combating Racism in Schools
- Teaching Tolerance: Teaching Thanksgivings in a Socially Responsible Way
- Listening to the Wampanoag Voices: Beyond 1620
- Indigenous Peoples Thanksgiving Alcatraz Sunrise Ceremony
Google Doodles Celebrating Indigenous People, Culture & Contributions:
- Celebrating the late We:wa - Zuni Artist
- Celebrating the Jingle Dress
- Celebrating Maria Tallchief - Osage Nation Prima Ballerina
- Zitkala-Sa’s 145th Birthday - Yankton Sioux Writer, Musician and Activist
- Celebrating Amanda Crowe - Eastern Cherokee Woodcarver and Educator
- Celebrating James Welch - Blackfeet Writer
- Celebrating Mary Two-Axe Earley - Mohawk Activist
- Mary G. Ross’s 110th Birthday - Cherokee Scientist and Mathematician
- Susan La Flesche Picotte’s 152nd Birthday - Omaha Physician