Second Grade Curriculum


The elementary visual arts curriculum helps students understand how media, technique and process are used to create works of art; how artworks are structured and how art has a variety of functions; how to identify, analyze and select subject matter, symbols and ideas for personal/cultural expression; how historical and cultural contexts provide meaning for works of art, and how to assess the merits of their own artworks and the artworks of others.

Adventures in Art, Davis


  • Different types of media
  • Using familiar media in new ways
  • Viewing different media and techniques in artworks from around the world
  • Visual elements of line, shape, texture, form and space
  • Design principles of balance, emphasis, movement, pattern, proportion, rhythm, unity and variety
  • Common functions of art
  • Artworks, and how the elements and principles of design can elicit responses
  • Creating artworks using a variety of subject matter and themes
  • Ideas and symbols in the artworks of various cultures
  • Viewing varied styles and types of art with greater emphasis on the cultural origin, function and style
  • Explaining and comparing their own reasons for making art with the reasons of others


Guidance, which is integrated into other curriculum areas, helps establish goals, expectations, support systems and experience for all students. It is designed to enhance student learning by helping students acquire and use lifelong learning skills in three broad areas of development: academic, career and personal/social. The curriculum employs developmentally appropriate strategies to enhance academics, provide career awareness, encourage self-awareness, foster interpersonal communication skills and convey life success skills for all students. The guidance and health curricula complement each other to provide knowledge and skills in the area of drug prevention.

Variety of district-selected materials

Students will acquire knowledge and skills in the following areas:

  • Improved academic self-concept
  • Improved learning
  • Plan to achieve goals
  • School success
  • Career awareness
  • Organization and time management
  • Self-knowledge
  • Interpersonal relations
  • Personal safety


Development of self-awareness (emotionally, socially and physically) and the best ways of keeping well (healthy decision-making) are emphasized. Topics introduced in the first years are reviewed and discussed in more depth each year along with new topics. The health and guidance curricula complement each other to provide knowledge and skills in the area of drug prevention.

Your Health, Harcourt, Inc.


  • Sharing feelings
  • Conflict resolution
  • Cooperation
  • Respect
  • Differences

Chemical Health

  • Medicine
  • Illegal drugs
  • Say NO to drugs

Safety and First Aid

  • Fire safety
  • Bus safety
  • Emergencies


  • Food guide pyramid
  • Reading a food label
  • Healthy food choices

Environmental Health

  • Protecting the environment
  • Saving energy and resources
  • Reduce, reuse, recycle
  • Pollution


  • Choosing healthy behaviors (decision-making model)
  • Reinforcing healthy decisions (refusal skills)


Language Arts

Reading, writing, listening, speaking, spelling and handwriting are all-important components of language arts.  Skills and strategies in each area are modeled, taught and practiced, taking into account the unique needs of each learner.  Knowledge and skills are acquired through connected experiences between home, school and community.  Students read from a variety of texts, including fiction (short stories and whole books), poetry and nonfiction (textbooks, newspapers and magazines).  Students read (or are read to) and write daily.


  • Guided Reading Resources
  • Classroom Libraries  
  • Invitations to Literacy, Houghton Mifflin
  • Writing-Units of Study for Primary Writing
  • Word Study - Phonics Lessons: Letters, Words and How They Work (includes spelling, phonics and vocabulary)
  • Handwriting - District developed



  • Main ideas and supporting details
  • Main events or ideas in sequence
  • New word pronunciation
  • Reading aloud fluently with appropriate expression
  • Appropriate techniques for learning new vocabulary
  • Character traits, plot and setting
  • Distinguishing between fact and opinion
  • Using graphophonic (sounds), syntactic (language) and semantic (meaning) strategies to understand text
  • Planning, composing and editing pieces of writing
  • Editing to correct grammar, sentence construction, capitalization, punctuation and spelling
  • Writing personal narratives, reports, instructions and a friendly letter
Speaking and Listening
  • Multi-step oral directions
  • Correct grammar in speaking
  • Oral presentation
  • Identifying purpose and summarizing ideas of an oral presentation
Word Study (includes spelling, phonics and vocabulary)
  • Spelling patterns
  • Spelling frequently used words correctly
  • Finding the correct spelling of an unknown word
  • Vocabulary development
  • Legible printing of numbers and letters unig uniform shape, size, placement and spacing



While connecting mathematical experiences to the world around them, young children are challenged to become increasingly sophisticated in dealing with mathematical concepts. The elementary mathematics curriculum builds on students' math understanding, skills, and proficiency at each grade level, as appropriate, by integrating concepts such as number and operations, algebra, geometry, measurement, and data analysis and probability. Students also engage in problem solving, reasoning, and communicating ideas while making connections to the world around them.

Scott Foresman/Addison Wesley Mathematics
Investigations in Number, Data, and Space - Dale Seymour Publishers


NUMBERS AND OPERATIONS - Understanding of and proficiency with counting, numbers and arithmetic, as well as an understanding of number systems and their structures

  • Sense of numbers
  • Basic counting techniques
  • Size of numbers
  • Number relationships
  • Place value
  • Addition and subtraction
  • Computational fluency

ALGEBRA - Relationships among quantities, including ways of representing mathematical relationships and expression of relationships by using symbolic notation

  • Classification, patterns and relations
  • Operations with whole numbers
  • Use of step-by-step processes

GEOMETRY - Geometric shapes and structures, and how to analyze their characteristics and relationships

  • Explore, investigate and discuss shapes and structures in the classroom
  • Become proficient in describing and representing shapes in their environment
  • Learn to represent two- and three-dimensional shapes
  • Recognize and create shapes that have symmetry

MEASUREMENT - The assignment of a numerical value to an attribute of an object; understanding what a measurable attribute is, becoming familiar with the units and processes used in measuring attributes

  • Attributes of length, volume, weight and time
  • How to measure using standard and nonstandard units
  • Select appropriate unit and tool for attribute being measured
  • Use repetition of a single unit to measure something larger than the unit

DATA ANALYSIS AND PROBABILITY - How to collect, organize and display data in graphs and charts that will be useful in answering questions; methods of analyzing data, and of making inferences and conclusions from data

  • Pose questions to investigate
  • Organize responses
  • Create representations of data
  • Sort and classify objects according to their attributes
  • Organize and display data through graphical displays using counts, tallies, pictures and graphs
  • Analyze and describe data

PROBLEM SOLVING - Engaging in a task for which the solution method is not known in advance

  • Develop and broaden range of problem-solving strategies
  • Pose or formulate challenging problems
  • Monitor and reflect on their own problem-solving ideas
  • Solve problems from a variety of contexts, from daily routines to mathematical situations in stories


The music program focuses on making music, and listening to and responding to music others have produced. Students sing, play instruments, move and create music. They learn to read music, and analyze and evaluate the music of others.

Music and You, MacMillan


  • Matching pitches
  • Singing in a group
  • Playing simple rhythmic and melodic patterns
  • Using a system to read basic music notations, rhythmically and melodically
  • Improvising simple rhythms and melodies
  • ABA forms and call and response form
  • Recognizing the expressive qualities of dynamics


Physical Education

Physical education is based on learning basic movements and skills, and refining these movements and skills into specific activities. Skills include locomotor movement, non-locomotor movement, perceptual movement and manipulatives.


  • Physical activities that develop motor skills and physical fitness
  • Rules, skills, strategies and team building associated with individual and team activities
  • Age-appropriate physical fitness
  • Safety and etiquette in physical activities
  • Fitness planning


The science curriculum provides opportunities for students to learn science concepts through hands-on activities. Students learn to observe, compare, collect data, organize and analyze information, and communicate what they have learned. The investigations focus on physical and life science concepts.

Full Option Science System (FOSS) kits

Balance and Motion (physical science)

  • Stable and unstable systems, center of gravity and two classes of motion
  • Observations of balanced systems
  • Making a mobile
  • Observing objects in rotational and linear motion
  • Recording and communicating observations

Insects (life science)

  • Differences in the life cycle and behavior of insects
  • Organizing and communicating observations

Pebbles, Sand and Silt (earth science)

  • Sorting rocks into groups by properties including color, shape and texture
  • Properties of different rocks
  • Separating and grouping river rocks based on particle size
  • Observing and comparing soil samples from different locations


Social Studies

The social studies curriculum provides the opportunity for each student to acquire knowledge and develop skills necessary for social, political and economic participation in a diverse, interdependent and changing world.

District-created units of study
Variety of district-selected books


  • Components of a neighborhood and reasons for location or features of communities
  • Comparing and contrasting their neighborhood/community with others
  • How wants and needs are responsibly met in the home, school and community
  • How people define, build and name places and develop a sense of place
  • How neighborhoods change over time
  • Accessing information from maps, globes, charts and pictures
  • Identifying cardinal directions (north, south, east, west) and using them on a globe and desk map
  • Major geographical features and regions of the earth's surface

We Are Earth (environmental awareness)

  • Positive and negative consequences of environmental situations
  • How people have adapted to and modified their environments, and how personal choices or behavior are related to conditions of people in other places
  • How the personal use of materials, energy and water impacts the environment
  • How American Indians adapted their way of living to their environment
  • How places can be damaged, destroyed or improved through human actions or natural processes
  • How different people may respond differently to the same event
  • Taking informed actions about issues by planning on how to improve the school, community or environment

On the Move - Transportation

  • Community interaction in terms of transportation
  • Ways in which people move themselves, their products and their ideas around the world
  • How changes in transportation technology influence the rates at which people, goods and ideas move from place to place


  • Community interaction in terms of communication
  • Interpersonal communications and social participation
  • How changes in communication technology influence the rates at which people, products and ideas move from place to place


  • Economic terms
  • The interdependent and dynamic nature of humans and their social, economic and political communities across cultures, time and space

Neighbors Around the World

  • Comparing and contrasting the traditions of the countries studied




Elementary Curriculum
K-5 by Subject
First Grade
Second Grade
Third Grade
Fourth Grade
Fifth Grade
Elementary Reporting